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National Strategies

The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications in Estonia is responsible for the implementation of the Estonian Digital Agenda 2020 and identifies priorities, strategic objectives, and areas of interest. The Digital Agenda for Estonia 2020 is supported by other national ministries and institutions, as well as related national agencies and departments. The main goal of the Strategy is to enable the creation of a well-functioning, safe and secure environment, which has the capacity to develop and create the innovative information and communication technology (ICT) solutions that Estonian society and economy need. 

One key focus of the Estonian Digital Agenda is promoting innovation in the field of online governance, cybersecurity, and information society. The Estonian Cyber Security Council defines cybersecurity areas of focus and priorities and aims to strengthen the main pillars of national cyber capacities. Actions launched within this context aim to enhance the response of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and public institutions to malicious attacks, sharing of good practices in information security, and other initiatives which work together to promote an increased level of cybersecurity awareness for Estonian citizens and businesses. 

Several sections of the Agenda deal with the development of ICT and advanced digital skills, as well as with the need to foster digital literacy and lifelong learning for all citizens.  

Digital skills for all citizens

  • Improving the quality of public services, together with user experience with the aim of facilitating access to public services and spread awareness of their advantage to build digital citizenship skills for everyone.
  • Increasing the ability of public sector institutions to capitalise on the benefits brought by innovative solutions in the ICT field.  
  • The aim is to foster lifelong learning and digital literacy and bridge the digital skills gap through increased awareness of ICT solutions' impact on quality of life, well-being, use of public services and others. 
  • Enhancing the uptake of digital identity and services amongst foreign nationals and expanding the national e-Residency programme. 

Digital skills for ICT professionals 

  • Improving knowledge and cooperation between IT managers and service providers through networking events and workshops, as well as open calls and partnerships.  
  • Developing new measures and initiatives to bridge increased demand for ICT specialists throughout economic sectors and promote the development of advanced digital skills in traditional sectors.
  • Developing and implementing sector-specific ICT strategies and allocating additional state funding for IT development. 
  • Measures to improve knowledge flows and skills transfer between mid and top-level employees in the public and private sector. 
  • Supporting the management and implementation of ICT development projects through guidance and quality requirements.
  • Initiatives in the field of connectivity, 5G technology, AI, cybersecurity and big data and increased funding to researchers in these areas. 

Strategy Details

Target audience
Digital skills for ICT professionals and other digital experts.
Digital skills for all
Geographic scope - Country
Target language
Geographical sphere
National initiative

The National Strategy is financed through funding by the Estonian government, public ministries, bodies and national agencies, with financing from the 

Stakeholder Involvement