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For more than a decade, the Digital Competence Framework for Citizens (DigComp) has provided a common understanding, across the EU and beyond, of what digital competence is, and therefore provided a basis for framing digital skills policy. There is already a high awareness of DigComp as the EU-wide framework for developing and measuring digital competence.

Since its adoption, DigComp has provided a scientifically solid and technology-neutral basis for a common understanding of digital skills and framing policy. However, things move fast in the digital sphere and a lot has happened since the framework was last updated in 2017. More specifically, emerging technologies, such as Artificial Intelligence, Virtual and Augmented reality, robotisation, the Internet of Things, datafication or new phenomena such as misinformation and disinformation, have led to new and increased digital literacy requirements on the part of the citizen. There is also an increasing need to address the green and sustainability aspects of interacting with digital technologies. The present update, therefore takes account of the knowledge skills and attitudes needed by citizens in the face of these developments.

This 2.2 version contains two main parts:

1. the integrated DigComp 2.2 framework provides more than 250 new examples of knowledge, skills and attitudes that help citizens engage confidently, critically and safely with digital technologies, and new and emerging ones such as systems driven by artificial intelligence (AI). The framework is also made available following the digital accessibility guidelines, as creating accessible digital resources is an important priority today.

2.  The second part of the publication gives a snapshot of the existing reference material for DigComp consolidating previously released publications and references.

Skills intelligence publication details

Target audience
Digital skills for the labour force.
Digital skills for ICT professionals and other digital experts.
Digital skills in education.
Digital skills for all
Digital technology / specialisation
Geographic scope - Country
Industry - field of education and training
Information and communication technologies not elsewhere classified
Geographical sphere
EU institutional initiative
Publication type
General guidelines