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Kali Linux is an open-source Debian-based Linux distribution that is used for advanced-level Security Auditing and Penetration Testing. The distribution provides tools, automations and configurations which allow the user to focus on the task at hand rather than the surrounding activity.

Why use Kali Linux? 

Kali Linux offers over 600 penetration tools used for information security tasks such as computer forensics, vulnerability management, security research and reverse engineering. The tool is highly customisable, completely free and open source. However it is not wide-open source due to security concerns. Managed by a small team, the tool has been developed in a secure environment. 

As opposed to a lot of other penetration tools written in English, Kali Linux offers multi-language support, allowing a greater number of users to access and use this tool in their native language. It offers wide-ranging wireless device support – allowing Kali Linux to run properly on a wide variety of hardware. 


The online platform also offers resources and community spaces. For example, users can visit Kali Docs for any questions on the tool, or join one of the official community support channels such as the forums or Discord channel. Several courses are linked on the Kali Linux website for users seeking to develop their skills and knowledge in topics ranging from securing wireless devices to the basics of modern exploit development.  

Tips from the team

Kali Linux has been developed to be tailored to the needs of professionals in this sector, and it is not recommended for those unfamiliar with Linux distribution. Therefore, prior knowledge of penetration testing is required to use this tool. The platform warns against using it without prior experience, as the misuse of security and penetration testing tools may cause significant damage. Additionally, before using Kali Linux, make sure you research hardware compatibility as it may not work with some hardware. It is recommended to install Kali Linux first in Virtual Machine and then install it on your own hardware. 

Digital skills resource details

Target audience
Digital skills for ICT professionals and other digital experts.
Digital technology / specialisation
Digital skill level
Geographic scope - Country
Industry - field of education and training
Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) not further defined
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Geographical sphere
International initiative

Penetration testing distribution

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Other training material