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Bulgaria faces challenges in its digital economy and society, ranking 26th out of 27 EU countries in the Human Capital category of the Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI). However, the country performs well in terms of female ICT specialists and ICT graduates. Efforts are being made to address the skills gap and stimulate the digital transition through initiatives like the Digital National Coalition (DNK), which brings together various stakeholders to promote digital skills and meet the demand for ICT professionals. 

Adopted in 2020, the Digital Transformation of Bulgaria, which includes the National Program “Digital Bulgaria 2025”, sets goals for deploying a secure digital infrastructure, providing access to digital skills and knowledge, enhancing research and innovation, unlocking the value of data, promoting a low-carbon circular economy, and improving government efficacy and public services. 

The Strategic Framework for the Development of Education, Training, and Learning emphasizes the need to improve digital skills among participants in the educational process and highlights policies for digitalization in education. The Concept for the Development of Artificial Intelligence focuses on developing expertise, infrastructure, and an ethical framework for artificial intelligence. 

Bulgaria's Recovery and Resilience Plan allocates a significant budget for the digital transition. This includes investments in expanding high-capacity networks, improving digital skills, and digitalizing public administration, businesses, and key sectors. 


Score in DESI Report Human Capital
EU average score: 48.45
Bulgaria score: 32.6
48.45 EU average score
32.6 Country score
20 35

Bulgaria ranks 26th in Human Capital out of 27 EU Member States in the 2022 edition of the Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI), with a score of 32.6.

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