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Estonia is making significant strides in digital development and has been recognized for its progress. In the Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI), Estonia ranks 8th in the Human capital dimension, with 56% of its population possessing basic digital skills. The country outperforms the EU average in the proportion of ICT specialists employed, and it has the highest percentage of ICT graduates in the EU. However, gender disparity remains, as only 23% of ICT specialists are women. 

The Estonian Recovery and Resilience Plan allocates a substantial budget for digital objectives. The Estonian Digital Agenda 2030 focuses on digital public services, cybersecurity, and improved connectivity. Furthermore, initiatives like the construction of high-capacity broadband networks and the development of virtual assistant platforms (#Bürokratt) are set to improve digital access and user-friendliness in public services. 

Estonia is also focused on advancing its education system through the Education Strategy 2021-2035, with goals to offer diverse and accessible learning opportunities, competent teachers, and responsive learning options. To foster educational technology, EdTech Estonia was established to increase the quality and accessibility of education by supporting EdTech companies and start-ups 

AI & Robotics Estonia (AIRE) assists industrial companies in adopting AI and robotics solutions, aiming to increase digital maturity and investments in digitalization in the manufacturing and healthcare sectors. The Research Design and Entrepreneurship Strategy aims to boost the well-being and productivity of the society by supporting research, innovation, and entrepreneurship. 

Score in DESI Report Human Capital
EU average score: 48.45
Estonia score: 53.9
48.45 EU average score
53.9 Country score
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Estonia ranks 8th in Human Capital out of 27 EU Member States in the 2022 edition of the Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI), with a score of 53.9.

The latest trends in digital skills in Estonia