Skip to main content
Search by keyword


Spain ranked 10th in Human Capital in the 2022 edition of the Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI) as it has made steady progress in digitalization. With a DESI score of 51.3 in 2022, Spain outperforms the EU average in basic digital skills, with 64% of its population possessing these skills. However, the country falls short in terms of ICT specialists, with only 4.1% of employees in this field compared to the EU average of 4.5%. Furthermore, Spain faces a significant gender divide, as female ICT specialists make up just 19% of the total

Spain's digitalization efforts are guided by the Digital Spain 2026 roadmap, part of the Digital Spain 2025 agenda. The roadmap encompasses eight specific plans, including those for digital infrastructures, 5G technology, artificial intelligence, digital skills, SME digitalization, public administration, Spain's audiovisual hub, and cybersecurity. 

The National Digital Competences Plan, launched in 2021, emphasizes digital skills development across seven action lines. The country's Recovery and Resilience Plan supports digital transition through investments in digitalization, connectivity, cybersecurity, and digital skills. Measures include providing portable devices to students, improving digital systems in schools, supporting vocational education, and promoting digital talent through initiatives like Educa en Digital, Barcelona Digital Talent, IT Academy, and the National Institute of Cybersecurity's Academia Hacker

By implementing these strategies and initiatives, Spain aims to enhance digital skills, close the gender gap, foster digital talent, and meet the evolving demands of the digital economy


Score in DESI Report Human Capital
EU average score: 48.45
Spain score: 51.3
48.45 EU average score
51.3 Country score
20 35

Spain ranks 10th in Human Capital out of 27 EU Member States in the 2022 edition of the Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI), with a score of 51.3.

The latest trends in digital skills in Spain